Status Of Nfl Collective Bargaining Agreement
In 1982, after the first two games of the season, NFL players went on strike again in an attempt to achieve a guaranteed percentage of the club`s and the league`s revenues.  This strike lasted 57 days, making it the longest work stoppage in NFL history at that time.  The strike ended with an interim agreement on 16 November, which included funds to cover the shortfall in players` wages during the work stoppage.  Negotiators signed a new collective agreement on December 5. The agreement improved player benefits by introducing a new severance pay, increasing the minimum wage for players every year of service and adding new medical rights for players. The agreement also included a revised 1982 season plan, which had a nine-game regular season and a new playoff format that allowed 16 of the league`s 28 teams to qualify for the playoffs.  In addition, the agreement included the owners` guarantee that players would receive at least $1.6 billion in wages and benefits for the five-year term of the new contract.  In November 1989, the 8th Court of Appeal ruled that team owners were exempt from federal cartel laws as long as players were appropriately represented by a union.  In the same year, the NFLPA decided as a union and stated that its union status offered more protection to owners than to players.  The NFL remained without a collective agreement until 1993.  Each NFL team will now play 17 games, as agreed in the new collective bargaining agreement.
A new contract was negotiated in 1970 after the NFLPA merged with the American Football League Players Association.  During negotiations on the new CBA, players went on strike in July 1970.  The new agreement was reached after four days.  The agreement increased the minimum wage for players and changed the league`s medical and retirement programs.  It also provided for an impartial reconciliation of injury complaints, which had been previously decided by the NFL Commissioner.  John Mackey was elected president of the NFLPA during these negotiations and the new agreement was to cover the 1970 to 1973 seasons.  Although the NFLPA Executive Committee voted against the proposal by 7 to 4 and only 17-14 votes (one abstained) among the team members, the new CBA was sent to vote to all players in the league. It was tight with 51.5 percent of players who approved the deal (1,019 for, 959 against). After the players won the Mackey case in court, the NFLPA and the owners agreed on a new CBA that introduced a new system of refusal and compensation to replace the De Rozelle rule.
 The new system still limited the free agency of players.  In the court`s decision, it was stated that compensation for draft choices was to be awarded on the basis of salaries received by outgoing independent agents.  The 1977 agreement significantly improved some medical and retirement benefits for players and achieved a neutral reconciliation of all player/club disputes.  After the NFLPA voted by a narrow majority in favor of the planned collective bargaining agreement, a new CBA is finally in effect and will continue until the 2030 season.